Mention of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto in Mahabharata
Vedic Science

Mention of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto in Mahabharata

Uranus was discovered through telescope on March 13, 1781 AD by William Herschel while Neptune’s path was calculated by John Couch Adams and Urbain Le Verrier in 1846, based on whose calculation the German astronomer Johann Galle and his student Heinrich Louis d’Arrest discovered Neptune a few months later.  

However, Sage Veda Vyasa mentioned Uranus, Neptune and Pluto in his epic poem Mahabharata and named them as Sweta, Syama and Teekshana.

Uranus or Sweta (Greenish White planet)

Vishesheena hi Vaarshneya Chitraam Pidayate Grahah….[10-Udyog.143]
Swetograhastatha Chitraam Samitikryamya Tishthati….[12-Bheeshma.3]

Sage Vyasa states that some greenish white (Sweta) planet has crossed Chitra Nakshatra.

Neelakantha Chathurdhara, the Indian scholar who lived in Varanasi in the later half of the 17th century also had the knowledge of Uranus or Sweta.  Sweta means greenish white, which was later discovered to be the color of Uranus.

Neelakantha writes in his commentary on Mahabharat (Udyog 143) that Shveta, or Mahapata (one which has greater orbit) was a famous planet in the Astronomical science of India.  He calls this “Mahapata” which means one that has greater orbit and indicates a planet beyond Saturn.

Neptune or Syama (Bluish White planet)

Shukrahah Prosthapade Poorve Samaruhya Virochate Uttare tu Parikramya Sahitah Samudikshyate….[15-Bheeshma.3]
Syamograhah Prajwalitah Sadhooma iva Pavakah Aaindram Tejaswi Naksha- tram Jyesthaam Aakramya Tishthati…[16-Bheeshma.3]

Sage Vyasa mentions that a bluish white (Syama) planet was in Jyeshtha and it was smoky (Sadhoom).

Neelkantha calls it “Parigha” (circumference) in his commentary on Mahabharat, meaning that its orbit was almost of the circumference of our solar system.

How did Sage Vyasa know about the color of these planets ?  There is mention of mirrors and microscopic vision in Mahabharata (Shanti A. 15,308).  In ancient literature, Durbini (device used to see objects at far off distance, similar to binoculars) were mentioned.  So, there is a good possibility that lenses and telescopes were present at the time.

Pluto or Teekshana/Teevra

Pluto was discovered to the modern world on February 18th, 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh.  

Krittikaam Peedayan Teekshnaihi Nakshatram…[30-Bheeshma.3]

Sage Vyasa states that some immobile luminary was troubling Krittika (Pleides) with its sharp rays.  This was mentioned as Nakshatra because it was stationary at one place for long period, so it must be a planet in outer orbit.

It is mentioned again as:

Krittikasu Grahasteevro Nakshatre Prathame Jvalan…… [26- Bhishma.3]

Mathematical calculations indicate that Krittika and Pluto were  in conjunction during the Mahabharata period.  

Sage Vyasa has mentioned ‘seven Great planets‘, three times in Mahabharat:

Deepyamanascha Sampetuhu Divi Sapta Mahagrahah…[2-Bhishma.17]

The seven great planets were brilliant and shining. In traditional Vedic astrology, Rahu and Ketu are nodes or shadows and do not shine like stars or planets.

Nissaranto Vyadrushanta Suryaat Sapta Mahagrahah…[4-Karna 37]

This line states that the seven great planets were ‘seen‘ moving away from the Sun.  Since Rahu & Ketu cannot be ‘seen’, they can be ruled out.  The statement is made on the 16th day of Kurukshetra War, so the Moon has moved away from Sun.

We can ascertain by this that Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are the seven great planets mentioned by Sage Vyasa.   Due to the distance of Pluto and its minimal impact upon Earth, the planet was mainly ignored.  

Moon was also excluded because it was not visible on that day of Amavasya with solar eclipse. 

Praja Samharane Rajan Somam Sapta grahah Iva….[22-Drona 37]

The seven planets are again mentioned by Sage Vyasa, excluding the Moon.

Although they were described over 5100 years ago, the last three planets consisting of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto were simply forgotten as they were not used to predict the future in traditional Indian astrology.  On the other hand, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn are mentioned in the Mahabharata numerous times by names that are consistent with rest of the ancient Indian literature.  

Even if we do not want to go into the distant past of Sage Veda Vyasa and his indepth knowledge of the planets, we should still consider the knowledge of Neelkantha, who precedes Herschel by about a hundred years and also knew about these planets.   

Perhaps it’s time to give credit where it is due…



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  • Durbin is a Serbian word for a monocular. Can you please share where was it used in Sanskrit and where can I learn about it’s etymology.

  • As far as I know sweta or shweta meant white and not greenish white.

  • Hinduism says, only Navagraha including sun & moon, which means Hinduism has only 7 planets(in real terms)- pluto was never mentioned – it was a cookup by west, now they say, pluto is no more a planet. I doubt about Uranus & neptune also.

  • It can not be so in Hindu System – simply because there is no deity of these planets or any sthotras. Rahu and Kethu are planets in Indian Astrology. Days are in accordance with 7 planets. Perhaps modern science may discover the nodes are two planets too – Rahu a black hole and Kethu a white hole.

  • If mention of planet :uranus,neptune and pluto is in Mahabharta ,then they should find place in Modern Indian Astrology.In order to do this we should merge Astronomy and Astrology .We should use Distance From Sun as number theory and merged proposal be called Scientific Astrological Horoscope….

  • From all this reading I find out Indian are intelligent from very old time . and those who calculate the path and time of plate revolution acutely spend lot of time with dedication ,Hindu calendar easy predict solar and lunar eclipse accurate date and time of hundreds years and all this calculation is done thousand year back but lot of people now have an doubt does those incidents happen during these calculations of paths is relevant to set them as standard to predict future on any individual. ( Like if something bad happens like earthquake or war in that particular time or position of planet does it really happen again on same position) Actually Hinduism is oldest religion on this universe and on this long duration of time lot of different incident happened and related with these positions of planet Astrological is not prepared in one day