Vedic Science

Electrical Batteries in Ancient India



Agastya Samhita written around 4000 BC by sage Agatsya, describes method to make dry electric cell with 1.138 volts and 23 mA and electroplating process, hydrogen balloons.

The ancient text of Agastya Samhita describes the method of making electric battery, and that water can be split into oxygen and hydrogen.  Modern battery cell resembles Agastya’s method of generating electricity.

For generating electricity, Sage Agastya had used the following material:

1.One earthen pot

2.Copper plate

3.Copper sulphate

4.Wet saw dust

5.Zinc amalgam

His text says : “Sansthapya Mrinmaya Patre Tamrapatram Susanskritam Chhadyechhikhigriven Chardrarbhih Kashthpamsubhih. Dastaloshto Nidhatavyah Pardachhaditastah Sanyogajjayte Tejo Mitravarunsangyitam”

संस्थाप्य मृण्मये पात्रे ताम्रपत्रं सुसंस्कृतम्‌। छादयेच्छिखिग्रीवेन चार्दाभि: काष्ठापांसुभि:॥ दस्तालोष्टो निधात्वय: पारदाच्छादितस्तत:। संयोगाज्जायते तेजो मित्रावरुणसंज्ञितम्‌॥

Which means, “Place a well-cleaned copper plate in an earthenware vessel. Cover it first by copper sulfate and then by moist sawdust. After that, put a mercury-amalgamated zinc sheet on top of the sawdust to avoid polarization. The contact will produce an energy known by the twin name of Mitra-Varuna. Water will be split by this current into Pranavayu and Udanavayu. A chain of one hundred jars is said to give a very effective force. (p. 422)”

When a cell was prepared according to Agastya Samhita and measured, it gives open circuit voltage as 1.138 volts, and short circuit current as 23 mA.

Anen Jalbhangosti Prano Daneshu Vayushu Evam Shatanam Kumbhanamsanyogkaryakritsmritah.

if we use the power of 100 earthen pots on water, then water will change its form into life-giving oxygen and floating hydrogen.

Vayubandhakvastren Nibaddho Yanmastake Udanah Swalaghutve Bibhartyakashayanakam.

If hydrogen is contained in an air tight cloth, it can be used in aerodynamics, i.e. it will fly in air. (Today’s Hydrogen Balloon)


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  • Agasthya, commonly know as Agasthiyar in Tamil, is also a poet, and lived at the foot hills of Valparai.
    Agathiyar falls, which is enroute to Valparai is named after him.

  • I am proud of our ancient wisdom.Many more things are to be which were discovered by our people. Sangamagramam Madhavan ( a malayali) is an example. I have heared that the gravitation theory also discovered by Indians

    • Sir, in January my book titled ” Siddhas’ contribution to science and technology” is to be released by Vijaya Pathipagam, Coimbatore (phone: 0422-2216614). This is a treatise in Tamil with reference to contributions done by various Siddha Rishi purushas in every field of science. I have done extensive research in siddha songs and from related classifications. Once released in Tamil, I am planning to redo in English for wider reach. I look forward to a good publisher who is keenly interested to publish in English.

  • Great invention 4000 years before.Has anybody constructed this battery and tested now? Why not some college try this? Jayapal

  • I appreciate your efforts…buthow could u access this. Text.i tried finding it but it is lost text and I longer available in India…I am curious to. Know…no doubt about its authenticity

  • […] This is a post from 2014, that quotes a paper by Agastya Samhita about how to make a Battery with an output of 1.13V. It also talks about how to make a Hydrogen Balloon. Sounds pretty simple since we can buy a 24 pack of AA’s from Harbor Freight for free with a coupon, but this paper (maybe papyrus) was written around 4000 B.C.!! […]

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