Electrical Batteries in Ancient India

Electrical Batteries in Ancient India

Agastya Samhita written around 4000 BC by sage Agatsya, describes method to make dry electric cell with 1.138 volts and 23 mA and electroplating process, hydrogen balloons.

The ancient text of Agastya Samhita describes the method of making electric battery, and that water can be split into oxygen and hydrogen.  Modern battery cell resembles Agastya’s method of generating electricity.

For generating electricity, Sage Agastya had used the following material:

1.One earthen pot

2.Copper plate

3.Copper sulphate

4.Wet saw dust

5.Zinc amalgam

His text says : “Sansthapya Mrinmaya Patre Tamrapatram Susanskritam Chhadyechhikhigriven Chardrarbhih Kashthpamsubhih. Dastaloshto Nidhatavyah Pardachhaditastah Sanyogajjayte Tejo Mitravarunsangyitam”

संस्थाप्य मृण्मये पात्रे ताम्रपत्रं सुसंस्कृतम्‌। छादयेच्छिखिग्रीवेन चार्दाभि: काष्ठापांसुभि:॥ दस्तालोष्टो निधात्वय: पारदाच्छादितस्तत:। संयोगाज्जायते तेजो मित्रावरुणसंज्ञितम्‌॥

Which means, “Place a well-cleaned copper plate in an earthenware vessel. Cover it first by copper sulfate and then by moist sawdust. After that, put a mercury-amalgamated zinc sheet on top of the sawdust to avoid polarization. The contact will produce an energy known by the twin name of Mitra-Varuna. Water will be split by this current into Pranavayu and Udanavayu. A chain of one hundred jars is said to give a very effective force. (p. 422)”

When a cell was prepared according to Agastya Samhita and measured, it gives open circuit voltage as 1.138 volts, and short circuit current as 23 mA.

Anen Jalbhangosti Prano Daneshu Vayushu Evam Shatanam Kumbhanamsanyogkaryakritsmritah.

if we use the power of 100 earthen pots on water, then water will change its form into life-giving oxygen and floating hydrogen.

Vayubandhakvastren Nibaddho Yanmastake Udanah Swalaghutve Bibhartyakashayanakam.

If hydrogen is contained in an air tight cloth, it can be used in aerodynamics, i.e. it will fly in air. (Today’s Hydrogen Balloon)


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11 Responses to "Electrical Batteries in Ancient India"

  1. deepa  March 22, 2014 at 7:19 pm

    Extremely interesting

  2. Kru,shakthi  May 31, 2014 at 3:01 am

    Your doing good,jop
    Indeed,allchemic books,

  3. shivrajan  July 25, 2014 at 5:20 am

    Agasthya, commonly know as Agasthiyar in Tamil, is also a poet, and lived at the foot hills of Valparai.
    Agathiyar falls, which is enroute to Valparai is named after him.

    • Kavin  March 27, 2016 at 10:49 pm

      Don’t you get something in this? How does his writing came in Hindi? The thing he says here is true. But it was in Tamil.

  4. syamavenkat  July 25, 2014 at 1:57 pm

    Excellant!!! ,we adore our ancient wisdom!!

  5. navya rao  July 26, 2014 at 3:23 pm

    Amazing fact to be known, that’s really great wish i could get still more facts, thanks a lot for this.

  6. Srinivasan  January 14, 2015 at 4:54 am

    Kudos to Sanskriti team to dig out such valuable information. I am proud to be an Hindu and fortunate to be borne in Bharat Varsh.

  7. Subrahmanian  January 28, 2015 at 7:55 am

    I am proud of our ancient wisdom.Many more things are to be which were discovered by our people. Sangamagramam Madhavan ( a malayali) is an example. I have heared that the gravitation theory also discovered by Indians

  8. Hanumanth  November 29, 2015 at 2:12 pm

    Agathiyar had written many books in tamil and sanskrite, you can find many interesting facts in Agathiyar 12000.which has 12000 Verses….Proud to be indian

    • Chandrasekar  December 1, 2015 at 3:15 am

      Sir, in January my book titled ” Siddhas’ contribution to science and technology” is to be released by Vijaya Pathipagam, Coimbatore (phone: 0422-2216614). This is a treatise in Tamil with reference to contributions done by various Siddha Rishi purushas in every field of science. I have done extensive research in siddha songs and from related classifications. Once released in Tamil, I am planning to redo in English for wider reach. I look forward to a good publisher who is keenly interested to publish in English.

  9. R Jayapal  November 29, 2015 at 2:30 pm

    Great invention 4000 years before.Has anybody constructed this battery and tested now? Why not some college try this? Jayapal


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