Events & Festivals

Devi Kushmanda: the fourth form of Mother Durga

Devi Kushmanda: the fourth form of Mother Durga


Maa Kushmanda is the fourth manifestation of Maa Durga who is worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri.

Her name means “The Cosmic Egg” and she is considered the creator of the Universe.  When nothing existed and darkness prevailed everywhere, Lord Vishnu was able to create the universe when Maa Kushmanda smiled like a flower which blossomed with a bud, bringing light to the universe.  As the consort of Lord Shiva and the source of all, she is also known as Adiswarup and Adishakti.

Maa Kushmanda rides on the lion which represents relentless pursuit of dharma.  Having eight hands, she holds kamandalu, bow, arrow, a jar of nectar, discus, mace, lotus and a rosary, giving her the name Ashtabhuja.  She blesses her devotees with 8 types of wisdom (Asthasiddhis) and 9 types of wealth (Navnidhis).

She has a radiant face and golden body complexion and resides in the core of the Sun and thus controls the Surya Lok.

Representing the Anahata Chakra in spiritual practice, She is believed to remove all hurdles, troubles and sorrows, bringing light into darkness and establishing harmony in life.

After worshipping, Mata Kushmanda is offered Malpua as Bhog.

In Sanskrit, “Kushmand” means pumpkin and Devi Kushmanda liked the sacrifice of pumpkin and hence this is the other reason that she is addressed with the name of Kushmanda.

Mantra to worship Maa Kushmanda:

सुरासम्पूर्णकलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च ।
दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे ॥

Suraa sampoorna kalasham rudhiraplu thwamevacha|
Dadhanaa hasthapadmabhyam Kushmanda shubhadaasthu may ||

I worship the illustrious Goddess Kushmanda,
who holds two pitchers full of nectar and blood in her lotus hands
May she be propitious to me.


सुरासम्पूर्णकलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।
दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥

भगवती दुर्गा के चौथे स्वरूप का नाम कूष्माण्डा है। अपनी मंद हंसी द्वारा अण्ड अर्थात् ब्रह्माण्ड को उत्पन्न करने के कारण इन्हें कूष्माण्डा देवी के नाम से अभिहित किया गया है।

जब सृष्टि का अस्तित्व नहीं था। चारों ओर अंधकार ही अंधकार परिव्याप्त था। तब इन्हीं देवी ने अपने ईषत् हास्य सेब्रह्माण्ड की रचना की थी। अत: यही सृष्टि की आदि-स्वरूपा आदि शक्ति हैं। इनके पूर्व ब्रह्माण्ड का अस्तित्व था ही नहीं। इनकी आठ भुजाएं हैं। इनके सात हाथों में क्रमश: कमण्डल, धनुष बाण, कमल-पुष्प, अमृतपूर्ण कलश, चक्र तथा गदा हैं।

आठवें हाथ में सभी सिद्धियों और निधियों को देनेवाली जपमाला है। इनका वाहन सिंह है। नवरात्रे -पूजन के चौथे दिन कूष्माण्डा देवी के स्वरुप की ही उपासना की जाती है। इस दिन माँ कूष्माण्डा की उपासना से आयु, यश, बल, और स्वास्थ्य में वृद्धि होती है।

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