Do We Still Need Caste Based Reservation System in India?

Caste based reservation in India
Caste based reservation in India

Whether to have a reservation/quota system or not is still a debatable question in India. The Indian Constitution has a law for the same and according to this; reservation has been made to bring underprivileged classes at par with privileged or general ones. There are numerous reservations like reservation for women, reservation for physically challenged, reservation for economically backward class, reservation for Scheduled Castes etc. Though, reservation system is an evident discrimination, but it had been started with a very good objective of uplifting the socially backward society to give them equality of opportunities. But with time its meaning and the way it has been taken by the people has left many of us to believe that it has stopped delivering for what it was made. People have started misusing it. There are many examples of people making false documents just to get a seat in a college or a job. This leaves the more eligible candidate to give their seat to a person belonging to a reserve category.

reservationWhat has led to the formulation of reservation system in India? The deep rooted caste system in India is the actual cause of the reservation system. It led to the total segregation of our society and to equalize this, the idea of reservation came into existence after independence. Hence in 1950 the quota for backward classes was made and from time to time many new quotas and reservations have been added to this.

But still, the condition of so called underprivileged sections in India are the same even that we have crossed so many decades of independence. Reservation is working in the opposite direction to its main objective as is demarcating the society further. It is being used to uplift one section of the society at the cost of another, which is not fair. Instead of this there should be equal opportunities for all. Moreover, a capable candidate does not need any certificate of being from a lower caste to prove their worth. It is his mind, education and ability to compete that can bring change in life. Taking a seat just by showing your under privileged certificate won’t give you anything, but just the degree or a job.

article-2204661-151068B7000005DC-472_468x520Also the reservation system in India is creating a workforce which is not capable enough to compete at the global level. India needs people for growth and development but reservation is adding undeserving candidates as well. So I think reservation system should be demolished and if the government really wants to uplift the underprivileged sections of the society then a well-balanced policies should be formulated. First of all such sections of the society should be clearly identified that need development and financial aids. Then to uplift them free education, or incentives and financial assistance should be provided. Once done let them face the competition, true competition. Make them capable, show them  theright path and infuse a fighting spirit in them as no one is against healthy competition.

There was a quota system in US as well, but it was abolished long ago. But it does not mean that they are not working for the underprivileged in their society. For admission and appointment purposes, now they have point systems in which people from backward regions are given some extra points but, not a certain number of seats. So, though the government is helping the needy, but it is not at all discriminating or snatching away the rights of eligible candidates.

Also from time to time such reforms or laws must be evaluated by experts and their impact on the development of under privileged and overall society must be assessed. Also, calculate the way these are changing the per capita income, number of people below poverty line etc. Politicians should stop using reservation system as a gimmick to have a permanent vote bank. Education should not be a part of politics. Instead nurture the saplings right from childhood for their bright future and then there won’t be any need of so called reservation system in India. ~ By Ramandeep Kaur


Caste based reservations in India
Caste based reservations in India


In central-government funded higher education institutions, 22.5% of available seats are reserved for Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) students (7% for SCs, 14% for STs). This reservation percentage has been raised to 48% by including an additional 27% reservation for OBCs. This ratio is followed even in Parliament and all elections where a few constituencies are earmarked for those from certain communities (which rotate per the Delimitation Commission).

The exact percentages vary from state to state:

  • In Tamil Nadu, the reservation is 18% for SCs and 1% for STs, based on local demographics.
  • In Northeast India, especially in Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Mizoram, reservation for ST in State Govt. jobs is 80% with only 20% unreserved. In the Central Universities of NEHU(shillong)
    and Rajiv Gandhi University, 60% of seats are reserved for ST students.
  • In Andhra Pradesh, 25% of educational institutes and government jobs are reserved for OBCs, 15% for SCs, 6% for STs and 4% for Muslims.
  • In West Bengal, 35% of educational institute seats and 45% of government jobs are reserved for SC, ST, and OBC (25% SC, 12% ST, 10% Muslim).

Present caste-based reservation system of Union Government:

Category as per Government of India

Reservation Percentage as per Government of India

Scheduled Castes (SC) 7%
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 14%
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 27%
Total constitutional reservation percentage 48%

Reservations in Andhra Pradesh:

Andhra Pradesh is the state having the highest percentage of reservations in India in any form. Minimum 83.3% reservations are applicable in the state.

The reservation schedule in Andhra Pradesh is as follows-

  • Schedule Classes (A, B, C, D) – 15%
  • Schedule Tribes – 6%
  • Backward Classes (A, B, C, D) – 25%
  • Physically Handicapped (Blind, Deaf & Dumb and OPH) – 3%(1+1+1)
  • Ex-Service Men (APMS only) – 1%
  • Women – 33.33%

Total % of reservations – Minimum 83.33%

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History of caste based reservation[hr]



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  • What about 7% for SC, 14% for ST, 27% for OBC and the rest 52% for General Candidates. Or may be proportionate distribution as per the census. But the SEBCs still need some kind of reservation to bring them into mainstream. 50 years of favor can not wipe out 1000 years of discrimination.

  • If a patient develop infective fever what will be the treatment? Doctor sud prescribe antibiotics along with paracetamol-right? And if prescribed only paracetamol what Will be the result? The patient will have a fever free period as long as there will be action of paracetamol. But as soon as you withdrew paracetamol fever will resumed.
    Like that we Hindu have a disease called “discrimination” cause of which is casteism. And as a doctor our govt. to treat that disease prescribed “reservation” without any antibiotics(initiative to eliminate casteism). Now many of our brother want to withdrew reservation without removing casteism.What will be the result of this? Will not the same history of suffering of backward class will resumed very soon? Yes it will resumed. …..So if we want a disease(discrimination) free society along with equalisation of opportunity for higher education and job we have to first of all remove casteism then ‘reservation on the basis of casteism’ will automatically removed. And if at all after that there is requirement of reservation that could be started on the basis of financial conditions only.

    Note: If there is a identified cause of a disease that sud be treated first.Along with that you may or may not give symptomatic treatment. Only symptomatic treatment is not going to help there.
    So instead of shouting to remove reservation we should shout to remove casteism. Thus every Hindu(now general or backward caste) will became happy…..

    • This discrimination is a viral fever there is no need for antibiotics it will be self healing if we give supportive treatment. Which has been given for long than required.
      Now the people who gained n=benefits does not want to leave the privilage that is the problem.
      Please dont talk nonsense.,
      if you want to uplift people free schools like navodayas etc are needed not direct admissions.
      education removes everything.