Korea's royal connection to Ayodhya

Korea’s royal connection to Ayodhya

The twin fish, state symbol of Uttar Pradesh and commonly found on ancient buildings of Ayodhya, is the biggest clue to the link and the route undertaken by Kaya (Kara/Gaya) royals to Korea (and Japan).

The Atharva Veda called Ayodhya “a city built by gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself”.

Links between India and Korea are not only modern-day trade links with commercial names like LG, Hyundai and Samsung making their presence felt in India.

In 48 AD, Queen Suro or Princess Heo Hwang-ok is said to have made a journey from Lord Ram’s birthplace to Korea by sea, carrying a stone which calmed the waters.

The stone is not found anywhere in Korea and is now a part of crucial evidence that the princess belonged to the city of Ayodhya in India.

“This stone is only found in India, proof that it came from there to Korea,” said Song Weon Young, city archaeologist of Kimhae, a city near the big industrial town of Pusan.

People of Kimhae were so fascinated by these links that they started research on it several years ago.

They also ran into a symbol of the Kaya Kingdon with two fish kissing each other, similar to that of the Mishra royal family in Ayodhya.

And in the mainly Buddhist city of Kimhae, the fact that Ayodhya has now become the epicenter of a religious divide is an upsetting one

“I am aware of the problem and I feel sorry that Ayodhya is such a volatile city,” said a Kimhae resident.

Dynastic links

The Princess is said to have given birth to 10 children, which marked the beginning of the powerful dynasty of Kimhae Kims. Kim Dae Jung, a former President also belongs to the same family name.

But even at the centre of these links lies a strong sense of commercial exchange between Korea and India.

The stone represents Kaya’s cultural heritage which did not stay in one place, and the stone indicates that commercial exchange has been on since the Queen came from India.

Thousands of miles away from Ayodhya, the stone is a small piece of history. The people in the city seem quite proud of their links with India, especially because Queen Suro gave rise to the Kim dynasty, a powerful family name in the country.

The Indian Express Jan 21, 2010 ran the following story:

A Professor Emeritus of Hanyang University and national archaeologist from Korea, Prof Byung Mo Kim shares a ‘genetic connection’ with Ayodhya.

“I share my genes with the royal family of Ayodhya. Travelers from both these countries not just traded goods, but also genes. And I hail from the Kara dynasty, whose first woman was the princess of Ayodhya, who married the first Kara king. Her brothers went on to become the Kings of Ayodhya and this is how I am genetically connected to the holy city,” said Prof Kim.

The archaeologist, whose work on the princess of Ayodhya marrying the prince of Korea’s Kara dynasty in 4th century AD has received widespread recognition, is on his fifth visit to the Holy city in search of more evidence for his study.

On his three-day visit to the state, he not only visited Ayodhya but also made a slide presentation on historical evidences of cultural links between Ayodhya and Korea, on being invited by the state government’s Ayodhya Shodh Sansthan. “The queen of Korea’s biggest dynasty Hoh was the daughter of Ayodhya and in that manner, Ayodhya is like our mother city. Princess Ho traveled by sea route and married King Kim Suro of Kara dynasty. He was the first king and the entire Kara clan, which comprises over about two-third the population of Korea are its descendants,” said Prof Kim.

The twin fish, which is the state symbol of Uttar Pradesh and is found on almost all the ancient buildings of Ayodhya, is the biggest clue to the link and the route undertaken by Princess Hoh, says the professor. “I have pictorial evidences. The twin fish symbol is originally from the Mediterranean states and it traveled to this part of the world and settled around Lucknow. But the same twin fish symbol can also be seen in ancient buildings in Nepal, Pakistan, China and Japan and the gate of royal tomb of King Suro in Kimhae city in Korea,” said Prof Kim.

But, it is not this connection alone that has brought the archaeologist here as he also seeks a cultural connect between Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh and Kimhae city in Korea.

“For the last 40 years, I have been tracing the route taken by the princess between Ayodhya and Kimhae city and after five visits, I have all the evidence to culturally connect the two cities.”

Nearly six years ago, the Korean government had declared Ayodhya as the sister city of Korea and a monument in the memory of Princess Hoh was also established here in the city.

“The Kara clan is the biggest community in Korea and we like to visit our queen mother’s place. Through these visits, we are making attempts to talk to the Uttar Pradesh government to open up their doors for strengthening cultural relations between the two countries,” said Prof Kim.

Ayodhya Shodh Sansthan director Dr Y P Singh said the state’s culture department is making all efforts to help the Koreans find their missing links.

“Through these interactions, we have been able to find new facets of Ayodhya and now in addition to being Lord Ram’s birthplace, the city has another significance attached,” said Singh.

The Buddhist Fish symbol

kissing fishPairs of  Shachihoko, gargoyle-like carp, often appear on opposite ends of the ridge of a castle roof to symbolise diligence and ecstasy. There is also a fertility association with this pair since one fish is male and the other female.

In Japan, the fish means well-being, happiness and freedom. It is one of the Eight Auspicious Symbols used in Buddhism imported from China. The fish symbolises living in a state of fearlessness, without danger of drowning in the ocean of sufferings, and migrating from place to place freely and spontaneously.



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  • The Koreans are either ignorant of their Indias connection or do not want to have anything to do with India.the South Indian family of languages or Dravidian family of languages ( Tamil in particular) have about 5000 words which spell and sound similar to Korean language and same meaning but no ordinary Koreans would admit or accept this. Koreans fall extremely uncomfortable as it is too low or inferior to them and therefore discard this.your article on Ayodhamsurprises me try talking to them.

    • The Tamil people are the Sea farers in ancient times, and established many kingdoms in south east asia and travelled around the world. that is why you find tamil language traces in many laguages- chinese, japanies,koreanand many. Many places in China still has name Pandion- tamil king. Padians flag symbol is Fish. Cheras flag is Bow and Arrow- Now Govt emblem of UP state.
      The Korean queen in question is believed to be from one of tamil kingdom Aye, and she travelled to korea via sea route, which was known to tamil people in the ancient time.
      One of the Korean scholar gave interview and was proud to trace the linguestic connection with tamil.
      People may discard this but further investigations may reveal ancient migrations of indians.

  • south korea at one point had great links with india. they even sent elite longbowmen to help an indian king and some of them stayed back and married indian women, they were accomodated in the brahmin sub group as they were highly skilled.

    • This proves how bigoted is our varna system. It means any fair skinned community from any part of world could become Aryan(Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaishya) but black skinned need good karmas and another birth for it….. Blacks would stay lowlife, inferior Shudras for eternity.

  • This is an amazing connection and if you add Mr.Palaniappan and Gaurav’s comments and that becomes even more amazing. I thought Korean language derived from Chinese. Somebody should try to establish these connections as well.

  • Bharath Varsh in olden times (Kr’tha/Sathya Yug) and Sanathana Dharma only existed.
    All over the world, relics of Bharatheeya culture could be traced.

  • Yes, I have heard this many a times in Korea. Most Koreans know this fact. Also like Devnagari script Korean scrip is built of swar + Vyanjan. Other similar looking scripts via Chinese and Japanese don’t follow thiss method. Ayodhy is called Auyta in Korean. Actually those Koreans who know this India connection are quite proud of it. They can actually identify a person from Indian descent by looking at him/her. Mostly via eyes. Although this is vague.

  • I am very pleased to know the ancient connection between Ayodhya in Indian and Korea. This article is indeed a valuable information for the people of Indian and Korea equally. Efforts should be made to dig more into this relationship.

  • While I am happy to read about the ancient connection between Indian and Korea, I would like to say that India had connections with many other countries like Sri Lanka in the south, Afganistan in the North-West and ofcourse Pakistan which was a part of India before Independence. While the Indians feel proud of such connections, other countries or not (most the time).

  • my son always says his korean friends are the most intelligent hard working and artistic no doubt now i know where the genes come from

  • One of my co-workers from Korea was knowledgible in Sanskrit.

  • Our cultural heritage of thousands of years binds all our Asian neighbors. Islam and Christianity want to conquer Asia only to increase their strenghth in numbers and dominate the world. Time to bind each other to stop the spread of Islam and Christianity in Asia.We the Asian have nothing to claim from Bible or Koran or the Middle east and Africa. We have a very rich heritage and let us spread that all over the world.

    • Yes, I very much agree to Gadasalli. I live in Korea and see how christian missionaries spent millions to convert koreans to christianity. The result is today Korea is the largest and fastest converting nation, has worlds largest church, One of the asian country with highest number of churches and korean life-style is mostly christian. Buddhism is only in few left buddist temples. Sad scenario……

  • subject is very much informative and interesting–as per the old recorded histories there are so many linkage and linage of our civilization all over the world–I hope the authenticity of all these documented text can be ascertained by clinical method like DNA–RNA tests to promote our old very rich heritage