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When There Was A Price On Every Sikh’s Head

When There Was A Price On Every Sikh’s Head



In 1738 Nadir Shah, the Persian ruler invaded India from Kabul, Afghanistan and went on a rampage to Delhi. He was returning to Persia in summer of 1739 while carrying a huge booty of looted wealth, Kohinoor diamond, women, artisans and slaves. To avoid the summer heat, the convoy would rest during the day and travel at night. At the peak of the day heat at 12 noon and at 12’O clock midnight, the Sikh guerillas started attacking his convoy right from Punjab up to the Indus. They freed many women, artisans, slaves and deprived him of large amount of wealth. The Sikhs started getting recognized as people who go mad at 12 o’ clock and therefore the 12 o’ clock jokes of nowadays originated which is equally outrageous and ridiculous!




ZAKARIYA KHAN (d. 1745), who replaced his father ‘Abd us-Samad Khan as governor of Lahore in 1726, had earlier acted as governor of Jammu (1713-20) and of Kashmir (1720-26). He later also took part in Lahore government’s operations against the Sikh leader Banda Singh Bahadur. After the capture of Banda Singh and his companions in December 1715 at Gurdas Nangal, he escorted the prisoners to Delhi, rounding up Sikhs he could find in villages along the route. As he reached the Mughal capital, the caravan comprised of seven hundred bullock carts full of severed heads and over seven hundred captives. After becoming the governor of the province in 1726, Zakariya Khan, shortened to Khanu by Sikhs, launched a still severer policy against the Sikhs and let loose terror upon them.

His moving military columns forced the Sikhs to seek shelter in remote hills and forests. Yet Sikh bands continued harassing the administration by attacking government caravans and treasuries. Such was the effect of their depredations that Zakariya Khan was obliged to make terms with them. In 1735 he ordered officials to capture Sikhs and hand them over for execution.

A graded scale of rewards was laid down a blanket for cutting off Sikh’s hair

  • 10 Rupees paid to anyone revealing information leading to capture of the Sikhs.
  • 50 Rupees paid to deposit a decapitated Sikh head
  • 100 Rupees for capturing a live Sikh.

Plunder of Sikh homes was made lawful; giving shelter to Sikhs or withholding information about their movements was made a capital offence. Zakariya Khan’s police consisting of nearly 20,000 men especially recruited for this purpose, scoured the countryside and brought back hundreds of Sikhs in chains.

Prominent Sikhs including the revered Bhai Mani Singh and Bhai Taru Singh were, after the severest of torments, publicly beheaded at the Nakhas, the horse market of Lahore, later renamed by Sikhs as Shahidganj in honour of the martyrs.

Yet Zakariya Khan remained unsuccessful in his object of vanquishing the Sikhs. He died at Lahore on 1 July 1745 a dispirited man.

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12 Responses to "When There Was A Price On Every Sikh’s Head"

  1. Shiv Kumar  April 23, 2014 at 9:20 am

    It was an Eye opener

    Reply
  2. RAVI NIGAM  April 23, 2014 at 3:59 pm

    A big salute from nigam family to ur website for maintaining Bhartiya culture!
    BHARAT MATA KI JAI

    Reply
  3. Mahesh  January 12, 2015 at 9:48 am

    It is the inner strength of Sikhs & Hindus that they survived inspire of barbaric invaders.

    Reply
  4. MANMEET POKHRIYAL  January 12, 2015 at 9:08 pm

    I ALWAYS PRANAM SHAT SHAT NAMAN AND SALUTE TO OUR ANCESTORS WHO LAID THEIR LIFE FOR OUR FUTURE AUR AK MISSAL KAYAM KI.

    Reply
  5. Abhimanyu  January 13, 2015 at 1:53 pm

    this website is a great effort. We must rebuild our country after the disaster of the pseudosecularist congress . Well done!

    Reply
  6. Kautiliya  February 21, 2015 at 2:05 am

    One has to read the Indian history to understand the nature of Muslims.
    The modern version is the ISIS and the Talibans of today.
    The ISIS and the Talibans are doing the same as their teacher(PBUH)
    taught them upon the inception of Islam.
    Credit goes to the Sikh brothers and sisters who fought these Muslim
    terrorists, looters and destroyers of the day.
    Some of these Indian treasures are in the treasury of certain Muslim countries and some adorn their Masjids

    Reply
  7. Amit  February 21, 2015 at 9:52 am

    None of this is ever taught in school history syllabus. Why?

    Reply
    • Bikram pal singh  July 17, 2015 at 8:24 am

      Because Sir ! The government of Hindustan, decided long ago not to recognise the Sikhs as a different race , or religion. Our history has always been tampered with.
      If the Sikhs were not a strong as they are , we would have lost our religion long ago.
      It’s sad , isn’t it , they we still marry under the Hindu Marriage Act
      Shame
      BUT WE ARE VERY PROUD OF WHO WE ARE , AND ALWAYS WILL BE . we have saying , in CHARDI KALA

      Reply
  8. Sesha  August 25, 2015 at 8:07 pm

    I have an impression that the Sikh race and religion were formed and developed by a mixture of hindu and muslim races and spiritual beliefs. I do not know if my impression is correct or not. Can any one clarify please?

    Reply
    • Ritesh  August 26, 2015 at 5:03 pm

      sikh were mainy hindus…it started with Guru nanak…The followers of guru nanak were sikhs…Their later gurus organised them into millitary to fight aginst the injustice from muslim rulers…

      Reply
  9. Ankit  June 20, 2016 at 3:06 pm

    Salute this website for preserving our culture…. Keep on doing this great work …
    Regard

    Reply
  10. Anjul Goel  June 20, 2016 at 6:21 pm

    Sikhs are the proud and brave sons of Mother India. We are all Sikhs when it comes to defending our motherland.

    Reply

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