~ Dr. P.V. Vartak
Why do I speak of India while considering the Vedas? Many scholars think that Rigveda was not born in India but my work proves beyond doubt that Rigveda was born in India and India alone.
The reasons for my opinion are these:-
- Rigveda mentions rainy season as a separate season. Only in India the rainy season is a distinct phenomenon. There are three main seasons in India, namely the Summer, the Winter and the Rainy season. In all other countries the rains come either during summer or in winter.
- Rigveda mentions tigers, lions, elephants, rhinoceros, buffalos(1) and cows with a hump on their back. (2) All these animals are present together in only one country named India. If you go outside India towards the West you will find lions but no tigers. In the East you will find tigers but no lions. Cows are without hump outside India. Rhinos are seen only in India and Africa.
- The method of burning a dead body as mentioned in Rigveda is prudent only in India and nowhere else.
- The language of Rigveda, Sanskrit, belongs only to India.
- Vedas are highly esteemed and worshipped as religious books only in India, not outside.
- The proper pronunciation of many words in the Vedas is possible only by the Indian people. People from outside India find difficulty in pronouncing these words property.
- All the Vedic traditions are still present only in India, and nowhere outside India. The traditions of the country are maintained and preserved in Indian literature. This proves that Vedas were born only in India.
- All the Vedic deities are still esteemed in« India but nowhere outside India.
- All the Vedic seers are held as the originators of the Gotras or lineage of groups of people only in India and not outside. Thus all the Indians have a link with the Vedic seers.
- The Vedic tradition of beginning the new year with Uttara Phalguril Nak§atra and’ Vasanta Rtu (The Spring) and ending the previous year with Purva Phalguni as seen quoted in Taittiriya Brahmana (1-1-2), Taittiriya Samhita 7-4-8(3) is found preserved by a particular sect of people in Maharastra, India, namely Chitpavan Konkanastha Brahmin. This is found nowhere else in the world.
- The Vedic culture is found only in India and the Indian culture is based purely on the Vedas.
The three basic principles of the Hindu religion are:
(a) Assumption of the one basic Supreme Energy substance behind the Universe named as Paramesvara or Parabrahma.
(b) Karma – theory, and
(c) the theory of rebirth.
All these are found in the Rigveda.
Thus Rigveda is the fountain head of the Hindu religion. Thus Vedas belong to India and the Indian culture belongs to the Vedas. So the Vedas must have been born in India alone. All the theories propounding the composition of Vedas outside India seem to be wrong.
- Buffalos in Rigveda 6-17-11, 8-77-10, 5-29-7, 8-12-8, 9-33-1, 9-69-3, 9-92-6, 9-95-4, 8-35-7, 10-106-2
- Hump of a cow, Kakud, Atharva 9-7-5
- Taittiriya Sarrthita 7-4-8, T. Brahmana 1-1-2
The same matter is present in S Br 6-2-2-18, Gopatha Br..6-19, Sankhya. Br. Pancavirrisa Br. 5-5/9